The Rohingya refugee crisis is believed to be one of the most urgent humanitarian crises the world is dealing with right now. In August 2017, more than 700000 Rohingyas arrived in Bangladesh escaping from the mass violence and oppression in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. These people joined the already existing 1,94,000 Rohingyas who fled in the earlier waves of displacement. The Rohingyas have been denied citizenship rights by the government of Myanmar which has rendered them effectively stateless, denied basic rights and protections. As a result, Rohingyas have become the largest stateless population in the world. According to the reports of the United Nations, more than one million Rohingyas reside in different parts of Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. They are currently living in the two makeshift camps known as the Kutupalong refugee camp and the Nayapara refugee camp. The Kutupalong refugee camp has already become the world’s largest refugee camp. Bangladesh is a developing country with a fragile economy and many socio-political difficulties. The Rohingya crisis is now straining Bangladesh while making a drastic negative impact on the host communities near the camps of Cox’s Bazar. The large number of Rohingyas in the camps has already made it a challenge for the aid providers. The camps are overcrowded with inadequate facilities and protection provided to the Rohingyas. They have fewer rights and freedom as they are granted the refugee status in Bangladesh as of yet. On top of that, monsoons and cyclones, common in the area of Cox’s Bazar are causing landslides, destroying shelters, and disrupting the services. The Rohingya camps in short can be defined by scarcity and vulnerability. As mentioned before, as a developing country the economy of Bangladesh is not very pleasant. A majority of its people live below the poverty line. The Rohingya crisis has presented a serious challenge for this neighboring country of Myanmar. The government of Bangladesh is having a hard time properly managing the large number of Rohingyas who have already outnumbered the local population in Ukhiya Upazila of Cox’s Bazar. Almost everyone in the Rohingya camps is vulnerable to livelihood threats. None of their basic needs are being properly fulfilled. Food and shelter are still key concerns for them. Although the Rohingyas are getting employed in and around the camps, the number and facilities are still very limited. The most vulnerable types of households are those with female-headed and without an income. The camps have witnessed high value being placed on education as educated adults among the Rohingya population have a slightly better opportunity and income. But this has also resulted in frustration because the education facilities for children in the camps are very much insufficient. The crisis is also having a gendered impact as women in the camps have comparatively limited opportunities for work and they are more exposed to sexual harassment. Overall, the coping mechanisms for Rohingyas in the camp are extremely limited. The assistance provided to them is not need-based which has further complicated the situation. The crisis has created massive challenges for both the host country and Rohingyas who have become the most exposed to the ever-increasing damage.