Development, rather than being a term, indicates a process of “reforming” the countries of the north by the west with some specific agenda. Scholars often compared it with a new form of imperialism which is abstractly patriarchal, ethnocentric, and hegemonic. Apart from creating an international dominance in politics, economics, and academia the development discourse has caused much of an environmental hazard also.
The word development is often identified as a legitimizing phenomenon of capitalism. Ensuring the maximum interest is the fundamental aim of capitalism. Leaves harsh impact on life and living the word development saves the interest of capitalism.
According to Amartya Sen, concentrating only on wealth engages two problems. One is that wealth can’t meet all the important necessities of human beings and the second one is a human choice and interest engages something more than economic wellbeing. When people forget this and concentrate only on economic advancement a lack of equilibrium over culture and nature takes place which may bring a catastrophic result. Development extensively indicates Americanization, Europeanization, and Westernization and while going through the process the ancient sustainable local indigenous knowledge and sociopolitical mechanisms are denied (Donnelly, Pan, n.d.). The word development is attributed more negatively these days because of its denial of increasing environmental cost that affects the sustainable living of human beings on earth. It is now proved that GNP-led growth related to intensive use of energy for increasing production of a commodity that leads to major environmental disasters like climate change, lack of water, hot summer, etc.
Development always focuses on mega projects ignoring cultural and environmental feasibility. For instance, the mega Rampal power station project in Bangladesh can be considered as an example. With a view to producing a 1350-megawatt coal-fired power station, this project is established by the Poshur river, 14 kilometers away from the world’s largest mangrove forest Sundarbans denying the guidelines for the evolution of environmental effects and the denial of UNESCO. For the project 59 cargo ships of 80000ton power will be frequented by the Pohsur riverbank toward the port and a lot of fly ash, coal dust, Sulphur, and toxic chemical will be emitting and be spreading all around the river and forest which will bring hazardous harm not only for the locals but also for the whole nation and its geography. Still, the state focuses on the structural development and expansion of capital in order to be a greater beneficiary of capital in wall street which’s function is to ensure the security of the international market and its profit. (Islam, et. al. 2019)
Sagar Mala, a 10trillion rupee development project involves port modernization, port connectivity, and port-led industrialization. The port expansion in reality dredges into seeing and destroys a large number of fertile fishing areas and destabilize jetties which as a result will bring environmental and economic loss to thousands of associates causing an occupational change and live by the mineral handling facilities and groundwater exhaustion (Ecologise, 2017).
In the 1970s the followers of development theory tried to claim that environmentalism is harmful to decreasing poverty and economic growth but the fact is poverty has never been the environment’s enemy. The enemy is the greed of having every possible interest. It’s not even possible to get out of it in this sociopolitical situation. Sustainable development goals in this case can help to reduce the harshness of development projects.
Content creator,24 May, 2017, sagarmala : The Rs. 10trillion project that is wrecking India’s coast, ecologies.in https://ecologise.in/2017/05/24/sagarmala-the-rs-10-trillion-project-that-is-wrecking-indias-coast/
Islam,md. Nurul, Amin,md. Al, 6 September 2019, The Rampal Power Plant, Ecological Disasters and Environmental Resistance in Bangladesh, Taylor and Francis online https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00207233.2019.1662183?journalCode=genv20
Donelly, F. Paul, Özkazanç-Pan, Banu , n.d. , Development Discourse and Practice: Alternatives and New Directions from Postcolonial Perspectives, springer link https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9781137471628_5